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Information about the region

Kyzylorda region is a region in Kazakhstan. It was formed on January 15, 1938. It is located in the southern part of the Republic.

The region is located to the East of the Aral sea in the lower reaches of the Syr Darya river, mainly within the Turan lowland (altitude 50-200 m). On the left Bank of the Syr Darya — vast expanses of bumpy-ridged Sands of the Kyzyl Kum, cut through by dry channels of the Zhanadarya and Kuandarya; on the right Bank there are hills (Egizkara, 288 m), areas of sand (Aryskum, etc.), shallow basins occupied by salt marshes. In the North the massifs of hilly Sands (Malye Barsuki and Aral Karakum). In the extreme South-East, the North-Western spurs of the Karatau range (height up to 1419 m) enter the limits of the Kyzylorda region.

The North-Eastern half of the Aral sea is included in the limits of the Kyzylorda region. The only major river is the Syr Darya, which flows through the Central part of the region from South-East to North-West for about 1 thousand km, with a highly meandering channel, many channels and branches, and a vast swampy Delta. Dams were built along the banks of the river to protect against floods; in 1956, the Kzyl-Orda dam was built on the Syr Darya river; in 1958, the river's waters were passed along the Zhanadarya riverbed to irrigate fields and water pastures.

There are many salt lakes (Zhaksykylysh, Kamyslybas, Arys, etc.) that often dry up by summer; in Kupek and Teresken lakes there are therapeutic mud. In the North-East, the lower reaches of the Sarysu river enter the limits of the Kyzylorda region.

A significant part of the territory is occupied by sand, almost devoid of vegetation; on the fixed Sands, sagebrush-type, solyankovaya vegetation, and in the spring and ephemeral on brown and gray sandy loam and saline soils; in the depressions among the Sands grow Astragalus, juzguny, types of Wheatgrass. Fixed hilly Sands white saxaul, tamarisk, the teresken, the beds are covered with wormwood. In the Syr Darya floodplain-alluvial-meadow, often saline soils, covered with meadow vegetation with rare tugai forests and shrubs (willow, Turanga and Loch), in the Delta and along the banks — extensive thickets of reeds. In the desert, there are many predatory (Fox-Korsak, wolf, etc.) and ungulates (saiga) animals, as well as rodents, birds (grouse, etc.), in the Syr Darya Delta, muskrats are acclimated.

On the territory of the region there are 7 districts, 1 city of regional subordination of Kyzylorda, and 1 city of Republican subordination of Baikonur:

  • Aralsky district, center-the city of Aralsk;
  • Zhalagash district, center-village of Zhalagash (Jalagash);
  • Zhanakorgan district, center-village of Zhanakorgan (Yanykurgan);
  • Kazalinsky district, center-Aiteke-Bi urban-type settlement (Novokazalinsk);
  • Karmakshi district, center-village of Zhosaly (Dzhusaly);
  • Syrdarya district, center-Terenozek village;
  • Shieli district, center-village of Shieli (Chiili);
  • the city of Kyzylorda;
  • the city of Baikonur.

Area

251,971 sq km.

Regional center

Kyzylorda, major cities-Aralsk, Baikonur.

Neighboring regions and countries:

In the North-West it is bordered by Shalkar district of Aktobe region, in the North of Irgiz district, Aktobe region, in the East to Otrar, Suzak districts of Turkestan region, on the West by the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan, the North-East of Ulytau district of Karaganda region, to the South of Navoi region of Uzbekistan.

Climate conditions

The climate is sharply continental and extremely arid with long hot and dry summers and relatively warm, short and snowless winters. The average temperature in July is 25.9 °C in the North-West, 28.2 °C in the South-East, and 9.8 °C and 3.5 °C in January, respectively. The amount of precipitation in the North-West near the Aral sea coast is about 100 mm (the smallest in Kazakhstan), in the South-East in the foothills of Karatau up to 175 mm.

 

Main socio-economic indicators (stat. gov.kz)



Population

(1.03.2020, thsd. person)

805,1


Inflation

(March 2020 per to February 2020, %)

8,8


Unemployment rate

(IV quarter 2019, %)

4,8


GRP

(January-September 2019, %)

102,4


Average monthly wage

(IV quarter 2019, tenge)

159 421




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