Kyzylorda region (kaz. Kyzylorda Oblysy) is a region within Kazakhstan. It was formed on January 15, 1938. It is located in the central part of the republic. The administrative center is the city of Kyzylorda.
The region was formed in 1938 from a part of the modern Turkestan region. On June 17, 1997, by the Decree of the President of Kazakhstan, the transcription of the name of the region in Russian was changed from Kyzylorda to Kyzylorda.
Kyzylorda region was awarded the Order of Lenin (August 21, 1967)
251 971 sq. km.
Neighboring regions and countries:
In the north-west it borders with the Sharkansky district of the Aktobe region,
in the north with the Kirghiz district of Aktobe region,
in the east with the Otyrar, Suzak districts of Turkestan region,
in the west with the Republic of Karakalpakstan of Uzbekistan,
in the north-east with the Ulytau district of the Karaganda region,
in the south from the Navoi region of Uzbekistan.
The climate is sharply continental and extremely arid with long hot and dry summers and relatively warm, short and snow-free winters. The average temperature in July in the north-west is 25.9 °C, in the south-east 28.2 °C, in January — 9.8 °C and — 3.5 °C, respectively. The amount of precipitation in the northwest near the coast of the Aral Sea is about 100 mm (the lowest in Kazakhstan), in the southeast in the foothills of Karatau up to 175 mm.
The region is located to the east of the Aral Sea in the lower reaches of the Syrdarya River, mainly within the Turan lowland (altitude 50-200 m). On the left bank of the Syr Darya there are vast expanses of hilly-ridge sands of the Kyzylkums, cut through by dry channels of the Zhanadarya and Kuandarya; on the right bank there are hills (Egizkara, 288 m), areas of sand (Aryskum, etc.), shallow basins occupied by salt marshes. In the north there are arrays of bumpy sands (Small Badgers and Aral Karakum). In the extreme south-east, the north-western spurs of the Karatau ridge (height up to 1419 m) enter the boundaries of the Kyzylorda region.
The north-eastern half of the Aral Sea is part of the Kyzylorda region. The only major river is the Syr Darya, which flows through the central part of the region from the south-east to the north-west for about 1 thousand km, with a very winding channel, many channels and branches and an extensive swampy delta. Dams were built along the banks of the river to protect against floods; in 1956, the Kzyl-Orda Dam was built on the Syrdarya River; in 1958, the river waters were passed along the Zhanadarya riverbed to irrigate fields and water pastures.
There are many salt lakes (Zhaksykylysh, Kamyslybas, Arys, etc.), which often dry out by summer; in the Kupek and Teresken lakes there are therapeutic mud. In the north-east, the lower reaches of the Sarysu River enter the borders of the Kyzylorda region.
A significant part of the territory is occupied by sands, almost devoid of vegetation; sagebrush-type, solyanka vegetation grows on fixed sands, and in spring ephemeral vegetation on brown and gray sandy loam and saline soils; in depressions among the sands grow astragalus, juzguns, types of wheatgrass. The bumpy sands are anchored by white saxaul, tamarisk, teresken, biyurgun, wormwood. In the floodplain of the Syr Darya — alluvial meadow, often saline soils, covered with meadow vegetation with rare tugai forests and shrubs (willows, turanga and loch), in the delta and along the banks — extensive thickets of reeds. There are many predatory (korsak fox, wolf, etc.) and ungulate (saiga) animals in the desert, as well as rodents, birds (grouse, etc.), muskrat is acclimatized in the Syr Darya delta.
On the territory of the region there are 7 districts, 1 city of regional subordination Kyzylorda, as well as 1 city of republican subordination Baikonur:
(as of June 1, 2021, thousand people)
(preliminary data, January-December 2020,%)
(June 2021 to December 2020,%)
Average monthly salary 194 678
(I quarter of 2021, tenge)
Unemployment rate 4,9
(I quarter of 2021,%)
*Excluding small businesses engaged in entrepreneurial activities.